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MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEWING: HIV-Related Health Outcomes and Social Determinants of Health

by Callie Kaplan; Jamela Clark

Jan 14, 2020

Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a counselling technique that encourages individuals to lean on their personal strengths to overcome the challenges of change and set achievable goals. 


Studies investigating fidelity to MI principles show that adherence to the technique improves the likelihood of individuals successfully achieving their change goals in a myriad of areas such as ceasing tobacco use or medical adherence.


MI's success with encouraging individuals to adhere to medication and other health treatments is a point of interest for Heartland Alliance Health- Early Intervention Program (HAH-EIP). Medical adherence is imperative for successfully preventing and treating HIV, however, when participants face societal barriers to health success, also known as social determinants of health (SDH), medical adherence can seem impossible. In the presence of SDH, can MI help people living with or at risk for HIV successfully adapt to the changes necessary to sustain 100% medical adherence? Social IMPACT Research Center, in collaboration with HAH-EIP, explores this question as well as MI's origins, applications, and potential for preventing and treating HIV in their white paper, Motivation Interviewing: HIV-Related Health Outcomes and Social Determinants of Health.